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The Evolution and Development of Indian Sociological Thinkers Pdf 15


Indian Sociological Thinkers Pdf 15: A Comprehensive Guide




Are you interested in learning more about the Indian sociological thinkers who have shaped the understanding of Indian society and culture? Do you want to know how to access the pdf 15 of their works and ideas? If yes, then you have come to the right place. In this article, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide on the Indian sociological thinkers pdf 15, covering their biographies, major works, theories, criticisms, and evaluations. We will also give you some tips on how to download the pdf 15 for free or at a low cost. By the end of this article, you will have a clear overview of the Indian sociological thinkers pdf 15 and how to use it for your academic or personal purposes.




Indian Sociological Thinkers Pdf 15



Introduction




What is sociology and why is it important?




Sociology is the scientific study of human social behavior, interactions, groups, and societies. It aims to understand how people relate to each other, how they organize themselves, how they create meaning, how they cope with challenges, and how they change over time. Sociology also examines the social structures, institutions, norms, values, beliefs, ideologies, cultures, and identities that shape human lives.


Sociology is important because it helps us to understand ourselves and others better. It helps us to appreciate the diversity and complexity of human societies and cultures. It helps us to critically analyze the social problems and issues that affect us and our world. It helps us to develop our sociological imagination, which is the ability to see the connections between our personal experiences and the larger social forces that influence them. Sociology also helps us to improve our social skills, communication skills, research skills, analytical skills, and ethical skills.


Who are the Indian sociological thinkers and what are their contributions?




The Indian sociological thinkers are the scholars who have contributed significantly to the development of sociology as a discipline in India and abroad. They have applied various theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches to study the Indian society and culture in its historical and contemporary contexts. They have also addressed various themes and topics that are relevant to the Indian reality, such as caste, class, religion, ethnicity, gender, family, kinship, urbanization, modernization, globalization, social movements, social change, etc.


The Indian sociological thinkers have enriched the sociological knowledge and understanding of India as well as the world. They have challenged some of the stereotypes and misconceptions about India that were prevalent in the Western sociology. They have also offered some original insights and concepts that have influenced other sociologists globally. Some of the most prominent Indian sociological thinkers are M.N. Srinivas, A.R. Desai, G.S. Ghurye, Irawati Karve, and many others. In this article, we will focus on these four thinkers and their works.


How to access the pdf 15 of Indian sociological thinkers?




The pdf 15 of Indian sociological thinkers is a collection of 15 selected works by the Indian sociological thinkers that are available in the digital format. The pdf 15 includes the following works:



  • M.N. Srinivas, Social Change in Modern India (1966)



  • A.R. Desai, Social Background of Indian Nationalism (1948)



  • G.S. Ghurye, Caste and Race in India (1932)



  • Irawati Karve, Kinship Organization in India (1953)



  • M.N. Srinivas, Caste in Modern India and Other Essays (1962)



  • A.R. Desai, Rural Sociology in India (1969)



  • G.S. Ghurye, Indian Sadhus (1964)



  • Irawati Karve, Yuganta: The End of an Epoch (1969)



  • M.N. Srinivas, The Remembered Village (1976)



  • A.R. Desai, Agrarian Struggles in India after Independence (1986)



  • G.S. Ghurye, The Scheduled Tribes of India (1963)



  • Irawati Karve, Hindu Society: An Interpretation (1961)



  • M.N. Srinivas, The Dominant Caste and Other Essays (1987)



  • A.R. Desai, State and Society in India: Essays in Dissent (1990)



  • G.S. Ghurye, Cities and Civilization (1962)



The pdf 15 of Indian sociological thinkers can be accessed in various ways. One way is to search for the titles of the works on the internet and download them from the websites that offer them for free or at a low cost. However, this method may not be reliable or legal, as some of the websites may contain viruses, malware, or pirated content. Another way is to use the online libraries or databases that provide access to the pdf 15 of Indian sociological thinkers for their members or subscribers. Some examples of such online libraries or databases are JSTOR, Project MUSE, ProQuest, EBSCOhost, etc. However, this method may require a fee or a registration to use the services. A third way is to use the physical libraries or bookstores that have the hard copies of the works or the pdf 15 of Indian sociological thinkers in their collections. Some examples of such physical libraries or bookstores are the National Library of India, the Indian Sociological Society Library, the Oxford Bookstore, etc. However, this method may require a visit to the location or a delivery charge to get the copies.


Main Body




M.N. Srinivas: The concept of social change and caste mobility




Biography and background




Mysore Narasimhachar Srinivas (1916-1999) was one of the most influential Indian sociologists who pioneered the fieldwork method and the concept of social change in India. He was born in a Brahmin family in Mysore and received his education at Mysore University and Bombay University. He then went to Oxford University for his doctoral studies under the supervision of Radcliffe-Brown, a leading British social anthropologist. He returned to India in 1948 and joined Delhi University as a professor of sociology. He later moved to Bangalore University and founded the Institute for Social and Economic Change. He also served as the president of the Indian Sociological Society and received various honors and awards for his contributions.


Major works and theories




Srinivas's major works include Religion and Society among the Coorgs of South India (1952), Social Change in Modern India (1966), The Remembered Village (1976), The Dominant Caste and Other Essays (1987), etc. In these works, he developed some key concepts and theories that explained the dynamics of social change and caste mobility in India.


One of his most famous concepts is Sanskritization, which refers to the process by which lower castes adopt the customs, rituals, beliefs, values, and lifestyles of the higher castes in order to improve their social status and prestige. Srinivas argued that Sanskritization was a form of cultural change that occurred due to the aspiration and emulation of lower castes towards higher castes.


Criticism and evaluation




Srinivas's concept of Sanskritization has been criticized by some sociologists for being elitist, ethnocentric, and ahistorical. They argue that Sanskritization implies that the lower castes are inferior and passive, and that they blindly imitate the higher castes without any agency or resistance. They also argue that Sanskritization ignores the diversity and complexity of Indian culture and history, and that it assumes that the higher castes represent the ideal or normative model of Indian culture.


Srinivas's concept of Westernization has also been challenged by some sociologists for being simplistic, deterministic, and biased. They argue that Westernization implies that India is a homogeneous and traditional society that is influenced by the West in a one-way and linear fashion. They also argue that Westernization overlooks the hybridity and plurality of Indian culture and society, and that it assumes that the West is superior and progressive.


Despite these criticisms, Srinivas's concepts and theories have been widely used and appreciated by many sociologists for their empirical validity, analytical clarity, and heuristic value. They have helped to understand the processes and patterns of social change and caste mobility in India in a nuanced and comprehensive way. They have also inspired further research and debate on the issues of culture, identity, power, and development in India.


A.R. Desai: The Marxist perspective on Indian society and history




Biography and background




Akshay Ramanlal Desai (1915-1994) was one of the most prominent Indian sociologists who applied the Marxist perspective to analyze the Indian society and history. He was born in a middle-class family in Gujarat and received his education at Bombay University. He then joined Bombay University as a professor of sociology and became the head of the department. He was also involved in various social movements and political activities as a member of the Communist Party of India. He was arrested several times for his participation in the Quit India Movement, the Telangana Rebellion, and the Goa Liberation Movement. He also served as the president of the Indian Sociological Society and received various honors and awards for his contributions.


Major works and theories




Desai's major works include Social Background of Indian Nationalism (1948), Rural Sociology in India (1969), Agrarian Struggles in India after Independence (1986), State and Society in India: Essays in Dissent (1990), etc. In these works, he developed some key concepts and theories that explained the structure and dynamics of Indian society and history from a Marxist perspective.


One of his most important concepts is colonialism, which refers to the process by which a foreign power dominates, exploits, and transforms a native society politically, economically, socially, and culturally. Desai argued that colonialism was the main factor that shaped the Indian society and history since the 18th century. He showed how colonialism led to the destruction of the indigenous economy, society, culture, and polity; how it created new classes, conflicts, inequalities, and dependencies; how it influenced the emergence and development of nationalism, democracy, secularism, modernization, etc.


Criticism and evaluation




Ghurye's concept of caste has been criticized by some sociologists for being essentialist, static, and normative. They argue that caste implies that India is a rigid and hierarchical society that is based on a fixed and immutable system of caste. They also argue that caste ignores the diversity and dynamism of Indian society and culture, such as the regional variations, the sub-castes, the caste mobility, the caste conflicts, the caste reforms, etc.


Ghurye's concept of race has also been challenged by some sociologists for being outdated, unscientific, and biased. They argue that race implies that India is a heterogeneous and divided society that is based on a biological and genetic classification of race. They also argue that race does not capture the complexity and fluidity of Indian ethnicity, culture, identity, etc.


Despite these criticisms, Ghurye's concepts and theories have been widely used and appreciated by many sociologists for their cultural sensitivity, empirical breadth, and theoretical coherence. They have helped to understand the structure and function of Indian culture and diversity from a structural-functional perspective. They have also inspired further research and debate on the issues of caste, race, tribe, religion, urbanization, civilization, etc. in India.


Irawati Karve: The anthropological analysis of kinship and gender in India




Biography and background




Irawati Karmarkar Karve (1905-1970) was one of the most distinguished Indian sociologists who conducted the anthropological analysis of kinship and gender in India. She was born in a Brahmin family in Maharashtra and received her education at Pune University and Berlin University. She then joined Pune University as a professor of sociology and anthropology and became the founder and head of the department. She was also involved in various social welfare and educational activities as a member of the Hingne Stree Shikshan Samstha. She also served as the president of the Anthropological Society of India and received various honors and awards for her contributions.


Major works and theories




Karve's major works include Kinship Organization in India (1953), Yuganta: The End of an Epoch (1969), Hindu Society: An Interpretation (1961), etc. In these works, she developed some key concepts and theories that explained the patterns and variations of kinship and gender in India from an anthropological perspective.


Criticism and evaluation




Karve's concept of kinship has been criticized by some sociologists for being descriptive, static, and normative. They argue that kinship implies that India is a homogeneous and traditional society that is based on a fixed and universal system of kinship. They also argue that kinship ignores the diversity and dynamism of Indian society and culture, such as the regional variations, the sub-groups, the kinship mobility, the kinship conflicts, the kinship changes, etc.


Karve's concept of gender has also been challenged by some sociologists for being patriarchal, deterministic, and biased. They argue that gender implies that India is a male-dominated and oppressive society that is based on a biological and natural distinction of gender. They also argue that gender does not capture the complexity and fluidity of Indian sex, sexuality, identity, etc.


Despite these criticisms, Karve's concepts and theories have been widely used and appreciated by many sociologists for their anthropological depth, empirical richness, and theoretical elegance. They have helped to understand the patterns and variations of kinship and gender in India from an anthropological perspective. They have also inspired further research and debate on the issues of family, marriage, inheritance, succession, divorce, remarriage, etc. in India.


Conclusion




Summary of the main points




In this article, we have provided you with a comprehensive guide on the Indian sociological thinkers pdf 15, covering their biographies, major works, concepts, theories, criticisms, and evaluations. We have focused on four of the most prominent Indian sociological thinkers: M.N. Srinivas, A.R. Desai, G.S. Ghurye, and Irawati Karve. We have shown how they have contributed significantly to the development of sociology as a discipline in India and abroad. We have also shown how they have applied various theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches to study the Indian society and culture in its historical and contemporary contexts.


Implications and recommendations for further reading




The Indian sociological thinkers pdf 15 is a valuable resource for anyone who wants to learn more about the Indian society and culture from a sociological perspective. It is also a useful resource for anyone who wants to improve their sociological skills, knowledge, and understanding. The Indian sociological thinkers pdf 15 can help you to:



  • Develop your sociological imagination by seeing the connections between your personal experiences and the larger social forces that influence them.



  • Enhance your critical thinking by analyzing the social problems and issues that affect you and your world.



  • Expand your cultural awareness by appreciating the diversity and complexity of human societies and cultures.



  • Increase your research competence by learning how to conduct sociological research using various methods and techniques.



  • Improve your writing proficiency by learning how to write sociological essays using various formats and styles.



If you want to further explore the Indian sociological thinkers pdf 15 or other related topics, we recommend you to check out the following sources:



events, awards, etc.


  • The journal of Sociological Bulletin (https://journals.sagepub.com/home/sob), which publishes original and innovative research articles on various aspects of Indian sociology.



  • The book of Sociology in India: Intellectual and Institutional Practices (2018) by Vineeta Sinha and Rajiv Ranjan, which provides a comprehensive overview of the history and development of sociology in India.



  • The book of Indian Sociology: From Where to Where (2018) by Yogendra Singh, which provides a critical and reflective assessment of the current state and future prospects of sociology in India.



We hope that you have enjoyed reading this article and that you have learned something new and useful from it. We also hope that you will continue to explore the Indian sociological thinkers pdf 15 and other related topics. Thank you for your attention and interest.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions and answers about the Indian sociological thinkers pdf 15:



Q: Who are the Indian sociological thinkers?


  • A: The Indian sociological thinkers are the scholars who have contributed significantly to the development of sociology as a discipline in India and abroad. They have applied various theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches to study the Indian society and culture in its historical and contemporary contexts.



Q: What is the pdf 15 of Indian sociological thinkers?


  • A: The pdf 15 of Indian sociological thinkers is a collection of 15 selected works by the Indian sociological thinkers that are available in the digital format. The pdf 15 includes works by M.N. Srinivas, A.R. Desai, G.S. Ghurye, Irawati Karve, etc.



Q: How to access the pdf 15 of Indian sociological thinkers?


  • A: The pdf 15 of Indian sociological thinkers can be accessed in various ways. One way is to search for the titles of the works on the internet and download them from the websites that offer them for free or at a low cost. Another way is to use the online libraries or databases that provide access to the pdf 15 of Indian sociological thinkers for their members or subscribers. A third way is to use the physical libraries or bookstores that have the hard copies of the works or the pdf 15 of Indian sociological thinkers in their collections.



Q: What are some of the key concepts and theories of the Indian sociological thinkers?


  • A: Some of the key concepts and theories of the Indian sociological thinkers are Sanskritization, Westernization, colonialism, feudalism, caste, race, kinship, gender, etc.



Q: What are some of the sources for further reading on the Indian sociological thinkers or related topics?


  • A: Some of the sources for further reading on the Indian sociological thinkers or related topics are the website of the Indian Sociological Society, the journal of Sociological Bulletin, the book of Sociology in India: Intellectual and Institutional Practices, and the book of Indian Sociology: From Where to Where.



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