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El Valle De Las Hamacas Manlio Argueta Resumen !!TOP!!



El Valle de las Hamacas: A Summary and Analysis of Manlio Argueta's Masterpiece




El Valle de las Hamacas (The Valley of the Hammocks) is a novel by Salvadoran writer Manlio Argueta, first published in 1970. The novel depicts the social and political conflicts of El Salvador's history, from the colonial period to the 1932 peasant uprising and the 1960s military dictatorship. The novel won the first Central American Novel Prize in a contest sponsored by the Central American University Council.




El valle de las hamacas manlio argueta resumen



Who is Manlio Argueta?




Manlio Argueta is a poet and novelist born in San Miguel, El Salvador, on November 24, 1935. He belonged to the Generation of Commitment, a group of writers who expressed their social and political views through their works. Argueta was exiled from El Salvador in 1972 due to his involvement in the Revolutionary Student Front. He lived in Costa Rica and Panama until 1993, when he returned to his country after the end of the civil war. He has written several novels, poems, and essays, and has received various literary awards.


What is El Valle de las Hamacas about?




El Valle de las Hamacas is a multi-generational saga that follows the lives of several characters who are connected by their birthplace: San Salvador, also known as the valley of the hammocks due to its frequent earthquakes. The novel explores the themes of identity, memory, violence, oppression, resistance, and hope through the personal and collective experiences of the characters. The novel is divided into four parts: The First Earthquake, The Second Earthquake, The Third Earthquake, and The Fourth Earthquake. Each part corresponds to a historical period and a different narrator.


The First Earthquake




The first part covers the colonial era and the early years of independence. The narrator is Don Tadeo Morales, a wealthy landowner who recounts his family history and his relationship with his wife Doña Lucrecia and his mistress La Chelona. He also describes the social and racial divisions in El Salvador, as well as the exploitation and repression of the indigenous population by the Spanish colonizers and their descendants.


The Second Earthquake




The second part focuses on the 1932 peasant uprising led by Farabundo Martí, a communist leader who organized a rebellion against the oligarchy and the military regime of General Maximiliano Hernández Martínez. The narrator is Lucrecita Morales, the granddaughter of Don Tadeo and Doña Lucrecia. She tells her story as a young woman who falls in love with Chico Largo, a revolutionary fighter who participates in the uprising. She also witnesses the brutal massacre of thousands of peasants by the army, which marks a turning point in El Salvador's history.


The Third Earthquake




The third part narrates the events of the 1960s, when El Salvador was ruled by another military dictatorship that suppressed any opposition and dissent. The narrator is Neto Aragón, a journalist and writer who is friends with Lucrecita and Chico Largo's son, Cipitío. Neto exposes the corruption and human rights violations of the regime through his articles and books. He also becomes involved with Vicky, a student activist who joins the guerrilla movement.


The Fourth Earthquake




The fourth part brings the novel to the present day (1970), when El Salvador is on the verge of a civil war between the government forces and the leftist rebels. The narrator is Cipitío, who inherits his parents' revolutionary spirit and joins the armed struggle. He reflects on his life, his family, his country, and his hopes for a better future.


Why is El Valle de las Hamacas important?




El Valle de las Hamacas is considered one of the most important novels of Central American literature. It is a powerful and realistic portrayal of El Salvador's history and society, as well as a testimony of the struggles and aspirations of its people. The novel also showcases Argueta's skill as a storyteller, who combines different narrative techniques, such as oral tradition, stream of consciousness, flashbacks, and intertextuality. The novel is rich in symbolism and imagery, especially the motif of the hammock, which represents the instability, fragility, and resilience of El Salvador.


How to read El Valle de las Hamacas?




El Valle de las Hamacas is not an easy read. It requires some background knowledge of El Salvador's history and culture, as well as some familiarity with Spanish and Salvadoran slang. The novel also challenges the reader with its complex structure, multiple perspectives, and nonlinear chronology. However, the novel rewards the reader with its emotional depth, poetic language, and historical relevance. El Valle de las Hamacas is a novel that invites the reader to immerse themselves in the lives of its characters and to reflect on the meaning of their own existence.


Conclusion




El Valle de las Hamacas is a novel that tells the story of El Salvador through the eyes of its people. It is a novel that denounces the injustices and violence that have marked the country's history, but also celebrates the courage and dignity of its people. It is a novel that explores the themes of identity, memory, culture, and hope in a complex and changing world. It is a novel that deserves to be read and appreciated by anyone who wants to learn more about El Salvador and its literature.


How to get a copy of El Valle de las Hamacas?




El Valle de las Hamacas is available in various editions and languages. The original Spanish version can be found online or in bookstores that specialize in Latin American literature. The novel has also been translated into English, French, German, Italian, and Portuguese. The English translation, titled One Day of Life , was published by Vintage Books in 1983. The novel has also been adapted into a film, a radio drama, and a musical.


What are some other works by Manlio Argueta?




Manlio Argueta has written several other novels, such as Caperucita en la zona roja (Little Red Riding Hood in the Red Zone), Un día en la vida (One Day of Life), Milagro de la paz (Miracle of Peace), and Siglo de O(g)ro (Century of O(g)re). He has also published collections of poems, such as En el costado de la luz (On the Side of Light), Canto épico a las milicias populares de El Salvador (Epic Song to the Popular Militias of El Salvador), and Poemas clandestinos (Clandestine Poems). He has also written essays and memoirs, such as El Salvador: Monografía de una guerra (El Salvador: Monograph of a War), La casa y la aldea (The House and the Village), and La otra cara del sol (The Other Face of the Sun).